Quantifying and analysing epidermal cell shape, size and spatial arrangement.


Leaf epidermal cells display a complex suite of phenotypic characters that can be affected by phylogeny, environment or some combination of the two. This package includes functions to quantify this variation by measuring a wide range of traits including cell area, aspect ratio and angle as well as several novel shape descriptors and functions to optimise sampling effort and evaluate intra-specific or intra-individual variation.


We hope to have epidermalmorph on CRAN soon. In the meantime, it can be installed via GitHub:

# install.packages("devtools")


See the vignette for an example workflow: